The Routledge Handbook on the International Dimension of Brexit



Edited By Juan Santos Vara, Ramses A. Wessel

1st Edition

ISBN 9780367610326

Published July 1, 2022 by Routledge

372 Pages 2 B/W Illustrations


This handbook provides comprehensive and expert analysis of the impact of the Brexit process and the withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the European Union on existing and future EU–UK relations within the context of both EU and international law.

Examining the wider international law implications, it additionally assesses the complex legal consequences of Brexit for both the EU and the UK in their dealings with third states and other international organizations. With contributions from renowned specialists in the field of EU external action, each chapter will analyse specific policy areas to address key challenges arising from the Brexit process for the EU and the UK and propose solutions to overcome these problems. The handbook aims to fill a gap in research by assessing the consequences of Brexit under EU external relations law and international law. As such, it is hoped it will set the research agenda for coming years on the international dimension of Brexit.

The Routledge Handbook on the International Dimension of Brexit is an authoritative and essential reference text for scholars and students of international and European/EU law and policy, EU politics, and British Politics and Brexit, as well as of key relevance to legal practitioners involved in Brexit, governments, policy-makers, civil society organizations, think tanks, practitioners, national parliaments and the Court of Justice.


Table of Contents


1. The Implications of Brexit for EU and UK External Relations: An Introduction

Juan Santos Vara, Ramses A. Wessel and Polly R. Polak

Part I: The Framework for the Future Relationship between the EU and the UK

2. Towards the Formulation of the ‘Brussels Criteria’: The Values and Principles Underlying EU Withdrawal and Their Application in Future Contexts

Allan F. Tatham

3. In the Twilight Zone: The Transition Period in the Withdrawal Agreement

Tobias Lock

4. Parliamentary Involvement in the Negotiations on the EU–UK Trade Agreement

Adam Cygan and Ewa Żelazna

5. EU Withdrawal Law After Brexit: The Emergence of a Unique Legal Procedure

Polly R. Polak

Part II: Brexit and Existing EU International Agreements

6. Managing Brexit: Trade Agreements Binding on the UK Pursuant to its EU Membership

Panos Koutrakos

7. Come Fly With Me? Brexit and Air Transport

Wybe Th. Douma

8. Outside the Opt-out: Legal Consequences of the UK’s Withdrawal from the EU for the External Action in the AFSJ

Paula García Andrade

9. Copy–Pasting or Negotiating? Post-Brexit Trade Agreements between the UK and Non-EU Countries

Adam Łazowski

Part III: International Organizations and EU Diplomacy after Brexit

10 EU–UK Relations at the WTO: Towards Constructive Creative Competition

Gregory Messenger

11. Brexit and its Implications for the EU in the UN Security Council

Jan Wouters

12. EU Diplomacy after Brexit

Mauro Gatti

13. Brexit and Fisheries: International Law Issues, Participation in RFMOs, Reciprocal Access and the Future

Fernando Castillo de la Torre and Agnieszka Stobiecka-Kuik

Part IV: Common Foreign, Security and Defence Policy after Brexit

14. Post-Brexit Participation of the UK in EU Foreign, Security and Defence Policy

Ramses A. Wessel

15. UK Sanctions Policy after Brexit: From Dependence to Autonomy?

Sara Poli

16. EU Sanctions Policy and the Alignment of Third Countries: Relevant Experiences for the UK?

Viktor Szép and Peter Van Elsuwege

17. EU Crisis Management Operations and International Responsibility Post–Brexit

Scarlett McArdle

Part V: Brexit and Specific International Arrangements

18. Brexit and EU Agencies: Opting-in from the Outside?

Andrea Ott

19. Disentangling the UK from EU Environmental Agreements after Brexit: The Challenges Posed by Mixed Agreements and Soft Law

Teresa Fajardo

20. The Future of Judicial Cooperation in Criminal Matters between the EU and the UK

Chloé Brière

Part VI: Contested and External Effects of Brexit

21. The Implications of the Withdrawal Agreement for Gibraltar: Is Spain Taking Back Control?

Juan Santos Vara

22. Brexit and International Legal Sovereignty

Jed Odermatt

23. The Cross-Channel Reach of EU Law in the UK Post-Brexit

Elaine Fahey

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